A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both Interaction between Text and Reader; Wolfgang Iser; pp. Wolfgang Iser (22 July – 24 January ) was a German literary scholar. A literary work, which for Iser is created when a reader and a text “converge, consists of two “poles”: This does not mean that the “real” reader simply accepts this role, but rather they exist in tension between their own historical . Interaction. A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both possessing and being Wolfgang Iser. Central to the reading of every literary work is the interaction between its structure and its recipient.

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He subsequently lectured in many other parts of the world, including Asia and Israel. Even as we seek a consistent pattern in the text, we are also uncovering other textual elements and connections that resist integration niteraction our pattern IR, Why this obstinate persistence of the age-old classical norm, even within the texture of theories that claim to subvert or transcend it?


The interaction between text and reader is a complex process and it is a governed by certain conditions. His point here is that reading is an active and creative process.

Firstly, it makes us aware of our own capacity for providing links, our own interpretative power: These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions. Princeton University Press Series: Iser sees his own project as emerging from a more modern constellation of approaches which rejected the idea that art somehow expresses or represents truth and which focused more on the connections between the text and either its historical context or its audience AR, Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.


The text must be able to bring about a standpoint or perspective from which the reader will be able to do this.

Negativity is the structure underlying this abd or questioning of the manifested reality AR, For Iser, a literary work is composed of both written and unwritten portions of a text.

The present critical essay of wolfgang iser is an attempt to explain the nature of interaction and relationship between a literary text and a reader.

Key Theories of Wolfgang Iser | Literary Theory and Criticism

In other words, everything that has been incorporated into a literary text has been deprived of its reality, and is subjected to new and unfamiliar connections. Moreover, our second reading of the same text will proceed along a different time sequence: The aesthetic pole is the reader’s pole or how the reader tries to interpret a given text.

In some ways, Lindsey’s comment represents the kinds of recursive interpretations that Iser suggests all readers create as they read.

Here he explains the actual process of interaction text and reader. These processes remain an important part of the reading and “private” to Lindsey. Reading as Construction Twetan Todorav pp.

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Intrection between text and the reader. It is, in other words, an event in time.

Wolfgang Iser

The first is that reading is a temporal activity, and one that is not linear. I can not experience your experience and you can not experience my experience.

It was established by a Scottish psychology named R. Many of the other “reader response” functions enabled by WORP also beg future readers for further interactions. The “feedback of effects and information” applies isre to readers and texts and constitutes small units of meaning or “situational frames” of reference which “merge” to form larger units of understanding.

Hereafter cited as IR. This theory began to evolve inwhile he was working in the University of Konstanzwhich he helped to found in the s. The Dialectic of Metaphor: This search for consistency has a number of implications.

He has to observe certain invisible boundary lines prepared by the author and accordingly the wolfgqng of ideation takes place.

The richness of meaning derives partly from the fact that there are no rigid criteria of right and wrong, but this, according to Iser, does not mean that meaning is solfgang subjective: This does not mean that any reading will be appropriate.